Baldness  or androgenetic alopecia results as certain age men's physiological hair loss but there are some cases for women too.  

This type of alopecia or baldness is the most common cause of hair loss and affects 80% of men at age 90, while it is 35% in women and 50% of women of childbearing potential. menopausal women.

Hair loss or weakening of the scalp is one of the most stressful conditions for a human being, not only because of fear of not knowing the origin of the disease, but because of its aesthetic nature.

  • It manifests by head frontotemporal hair loss (front and side) and occipital (back) areas, replaced by thinner hair, eventually leaving hairless bald areas.
  • Hair follicles density on scalp areas decreases with age. Normally and imperceptibly, every day, between 35 and 100 hairs fall out.
  • There are 3 hair types: terminal hair, hairy and intermediate hair. Terminal hair are affected by androgens.
  • The main factors involved in hair growth are genetics, endocrine factors (pituitary, thyroid, adrenal and gonadal hormones, including androgens), metabolic and local factors.

In case of baldness, when to see a docteur

Alopecia leads to hair density loss, sometimes the patient perceives an increase in hair loss. However the fact that hair often falls out does not always cause alopecia (hairs are periodically renewed, falling under normal conditions as about 100 hairs per day).

Capillary density loss usually begins at the entrances and corners of men's hair and at the hairline in women. Some less common forms of alopecia can cause itching or even scalp pain.

How to prevent baldness

Healthy lifestyle habits (not smoking, having an adequate diet, avoiding excessive sun exposure) can help maintain good hair health and produce an improvement in hair cosmetics.

However, to date, there is no effective medical treatment to prevent alopecia. Therefore, the most useful measure to improve the hair prognosis is proper diagnosis and early treatment at the onset of alopecia.